King Garden Designs,Inc.
914-907-0246 | 203-759-8623
King Garden Designs, Inc. is an International Landscape Design and Expert Care Firm which operates at the intersection of Craft, Science and Art.
King Garden Designs, Inc.
1 North Street
Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, 10706, USA
King Garden Designs, Inc.
500 West Putnam Avenue, Suite 400
Greenwich, Connecticut, 06830, USA
Member American Society of Landscape Architects & ISA Certified Arborist TRAQ
Exclusive Garden Design, Full landscape design services: master planning, expert installation/planting, expert street trees - design - installation - care, expert boxwood pruning, cloud pruning, hedge trimming, topiary, espalier, orchards, fine gardening and expert design consultations. Landscaping services, Landscaping Consultations, ISA Certified Arborist Assessment, ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification, Expert Boxwood Pruning, Fruit Tree and Orchard Pruning and Care, Landscaping Consultations, Landscaping Property Over Site, Landscape Design, Property Care, Landscape Maintenance. Native plants and drought tolerant plants.
Landscape and Garden Design for Westchester County, NY; Putnam County, NY, Dutchess County, NY; Fairfield County, CT; Bergen County, NJ
Best Landscaping Based In Westchester county, Bergen county, NJ; Fairfield county, Dutchess county, Putnam county, Litchfield county, New Haven county, Berkshire county, Hampden county, Hampshire county, Franklin county and beyond including:
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Cos Cob Connecticut Fairfield US Greenwich Connecticut Fairfield US Old Greenwich Connecticut Fairfield US Westport Connecticut Fairfield US New Caanan Connecticut US Ridgefield Connecticut US Fairfield Connecticut US Danbury Connecticut US Darien Connecticut Fairfield US Litchfield Connecticut US Bar Harbor Maine US Lexington Massachusetts Middlesex US Cambridge Massachusetts US Concord Massachusetts US Williamstown Massachusetts Berkshires US Richmond Massachusetts Berkshires US Lenox Massachusetts Berkshires US Lanesborough Massachusetts Berkshires US Great Barrington Massachusetts Berkshires US West Stockbridge Massachusetts Berkshires US Stockbridge Massachusetts Berkshires US Lee Massachusetts Berkshires US Dalton Massachusetts Berkshires US Hinsdale Massachusetts Berkshires US Cambridge Massachusetts US Marblehead Massachusetts US Hingham Massachusetts US Cohasset Massachusetts US Back Bay Massachusetts US Beacon Hill Massachusetts US Waban Massachusetts US Weston Massachusetts US Wellesley Hills Massachusetts US Nantucket Massachusetts US Newton Centre Massachusetts US Chilmark Martha's Vineyard Massachusetts US Seaport District Boston Massachusetts US Wellesley Masschusetts Norfolk US Hanover New Hampshire Grafton US Portsmouth New Hampshire Rockingham US Hampton New Hampshire Rockingham US Londonderry New Hampshire Rockingham US South Hooksett New Hampshire Merrimack US Nashua New Hampshire Hillsborough US Exeter New Hampshire Rockingham US Milford New Hampshire Hillsborough US Lebanon New Hampshire Grafton US Hanover New Hampshire US Portsmouth New Hampshire US Hampton New Hampshire US Londonberry New Hampshire US Durham New Hampshire US South Hooksett New Hampshire US Nashua New Hampshire US Exeter New Hampshire US Milford New Hampshire US Lebanon New Hampshire US Glen Rock New Jersey Bergen US Tenafly New Jersey Bergen US Ridgewood New Jersey Bergen US Summit New Jersey Union US Chatham New Jersey Morris US Woodcliff Lake New Jersey Bergen US Bernardsville New Jersey Somerset US North Caldwell New Jersey Essex US Franklin Lakes New Jersey Bergen US Glen Ridge New Jersey Essex US Upper Montclair New Jersey Essex US Upper Saddle River New Jersey Bergen US Short Hills New Jersey Essex US Rumson New Jersey Monmouth US Tenafly New Jersey Bergen US Hastings on Hudson New York Westchester US 5 Dobbs Ferry New York Westchester US Scarsdale New York Westchester US Bronxville New York Westchester US Greenville New York Westchester US Rye New York Westchester US Larchmont New York Westchester US Pelham Manor New York Westchester US Lawrence New York Nassau US Woodbury New York Nassau US Irvington New York Westchester US East Hills New York Nassau US Briarcliff Manor New York Westchester US Harrison New York Westchester US Garden City New York Nassau US Rye Brook New York Westchester US Warwick New York US Skaneateles New York US Millerton New York US Dresden New York US Chautauqua New York US Staatsburg New York US Clinton Corners New York US Saratoga Springs New York US Rhinebeck New York US Adirondack New York US Lake Placid New York US Bolton Landing New York US Diamond Point New York US Bearsville New York US Willow New York US Huletts Landing New York US Garrison New York US Tuxedo Park New York US Kattskill Bay New York US Silver Bay New York US Ardsley New York Westchester US Amagansett New York US Armonk New York Westchester US Bedford New York Westchester US Sag Harbor New York Suffolk US White Plains New York Westchester US Yorktown Heights New York Westchester US Pleasantville New York Westchester US Mamaroneck New York Westchester US South Salem New York US East Hampton New York US Greenburgh New York Westchester US Hudson New York US Irvington New York Westchester US Katonah New York Westchester US Larchmont New York Westchester US Harrison New York Westchester US Hartsdale New York Westchester US Mohegan Lake New York US Mount Kisco New York US Nyack New York US Pound Ridge New York US Purchase New York Westchester US West Hampton New York US West Hampton Beach New York US Southhampton New York US Southport New York US Somers New York US Hampton Bays New York US Huntington New York US Croton Falls New York US Croton on Hudson New York US New Paltz New York US Chappaqua New York US Cold Spring New York US Glen Clove New York US Piermont New York US Purdys New York US Woodbury New York Nassau US Lawrence New York Nassau US East Hills New York Nassau US Northport New York US Greatneck New York US Fishers Island New York US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Fort Lauderdale Florida Broward US Palm Beach Florida Palm Beach US Key Biscayne Florida Miami-Dade US Pinecrest Florida Miami-Dade US Indian River Shores Florida Indian River US Milton Georgia Fulton US Sandy Springs Georgia Fulton US Dunwoody Georgia DeKalb US Johns Creek Georgia Fulton US Alphretta Georgia Fulton US Decatur Georgia DeKalb US Roswell Georgia Fulton US Peachtree City Georgia Fayette US Tyrone Georgia Fayette US Suwanee Georgia Gwinnett US Chevy Chase Maryland Montgomery US Darnestown Maryland Montgomery US Travilah Maryland Montgomery US Bethesda Maryland Montgomery US Stevensville Maryland US Annapolis Maryland US Chase Maryland Montgomery US Potomac Maryland Montgomery US Chapel Hill North Carolina US Raleigh North Carolina US Apex North Carolina US Cary North Carolina US Durham North Carolina US Holly Springs North Carolina US Morrisville North Carolina US Knightdale North Carolina US Garner North Carolina US Clayton North Carolina US Mount Pleasant South Carolina Charleston US Greenville South Carolina Greenville US Charleston South Carolina Charleston US Summerville South Carolina Dorchester US Goose Creek South Carolina Berkeley US Hanahan South Carolina Berkeley US Mauldin South Carolina Greenville US Simpsonville South Carolina Greenville US Hilton Head Island South Carolina Beaufort US Bluffton South Carolina Beaufort US Alexandria Virginia Fairfax US McLean Virginia Fairfax US Great Falls Virginia Farifax US Wolf Trap Virginia Fairfax US South Run Virginia Fairfax US Fort Hunt Virginia Fairfax US Floris Virginia Fairfax US Keswick Virginia Albemarle US Earlysville Virginia Albemarle US Crozet Virginia Albemarle US Charlottesville Virginia Albemarle US North Garden Virginia Albemarle US Troy Virginia Albemarle US Scottsville Virginia Albemarle US Esmont Virginia Albemarle US Reston Virginia US Vienna Virginia US Fairfax Virginia US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Wilmette Illinois Cook US Western Springs Illinois Cook US Winnetka Illinois Cook US Glencoe Illinois Cook US Oak Brook Illinois Cook US Hawthorn Woods Illinois Lake US Lake Bluff Illinois Lake US Lake Forest Illinois Lake US Inverness Illinois Cook US Hinsdale Illinois Cook US Long Grove Illinois Lake US Kenilworth Illinois US Naperville Illinois US Leawood Kansas Johnson US Orono Minnesota Hennepin US Town and Country Missouri St. Louis US Laude Missouri St. Louis US Pepper Lake Ohio Cuyahoga US Indian Hill Ohio Hamilton US New Albany Ohio Franklin US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Pasadena California Los Angeles US Thousand Oaks California Ventura US Santa Rosa California Sonoma US Glendale California Los Angeles US Sunnyvale California Santa Clara US Fullerton California Orange US Saratoga California US Newport Beach California US Cupertino California US Redwood City California US Arcadia California US Carmel California US Los Altos California Santa Clara US Palos Verdes Estates California Los Angeles US Riverside California Fairfield US Orinda California Contra Costa US Malibu California Los Angeles US Alamo California contra Costa US Tiburon California Marin US Atherton California San Mateo US Hillsborough California San Mateo US Los Altos Hills California Santa Clara US Piedmont California Alameda US Kentfield California Marin US Montecito California Santa Barbara US La Canada Flintridge California Los Angeles US Saratoga California Santa Clara US Manhattan Beach California Los Angeles US Blackhawk California Contra Costa US San Marino California Los Angeles US Coto de Caza California Orange US Beverly Hills California los Angeles US Menlo Park California San Mateo US Palo Alto California Santa Clara US San Francisco California US Sunnyvale California US Los Gatos California US Danville California US San Rafael California US Pasadena California US Calabasas California US San Jose California US Walnut Creek California US Mill Valley California Marin US Greenwood Village Colorado Arapahoe US Cherry Hills Village Colorado Arapahoe US Eugene Oregon Lane US Portland Oregon Multnomah US Bellevue Washington US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Paradise Valley Arizona Maricopa US Colleyville Texas Tarrant US Highland Park Texas Dallas US West University Place Texas Harris US University Park Texas Dallas US Southlake Texas Denton US Bellaire Texas Harris US River Oaks Texas US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Honolulu Hawaii US
Rocky View County Alberta Calgary Canada Foothills No. 31 Alberta Calgary Canada Canmore Alberta
Canada Sturgeon County Alberta
Canada Red Deer County Alberta
Canada Leduc County Alberta
Canada Chestermere Alberta
Canada Strathcona County Alberta
Canada Lacombe County Alberta
Canada Parkland County Alberta
Canada Grande Prairie County Alberta
Canada Cochrane Alberta
Canada Clearwater County Alberta
Canada Lloydminster Alberta
Canada St. Albert Alberta
Canada Wetaskiwin County Alberta
Canada Calgary Alberta
Canada Yellowhead County Alberta
Canada Okotoks Alberta
Canada Mountain View County Alberta
Canada Lethbridge County Alberta
Canada West Vancouver British Columbia Vancouver Canada Oak Bay British Columbia
Canada North Saanich British Columbia
Canada Greater Vancouver British Columbia
Canada North Vancouver British Columbia
Canada Whistler British Columbia
Canada Vancouver British Columbia
Canada Richmond British Columbia
Canada White Rock British Columbia
Canada Coldstream British Columbia
Canada Delta British Columbia
Canada Central Saanich British Columbia
Canada Langley British Columbia
Canada Capital British Columbia
Canada Port Moody British Columbia
Canada Summerland British Columbia
Canada West Kelowna British Columbia
Canada Coquitlam British Columbia
Canada Sidney British Columbia
Canada Burnaby British Columbia
Canada Kelowna British Columbia
Canada Surrey British Columbia
Canada St. Andrews Man.
Canada King Ontario York Canada Whitchurch-Stouffville Ontario
Canada Oakville Ontario
Canada Vaughan Ontario
Canada Richmond Hill Ontario
Canada Markham Ontario
Canada Aurora Ontario
Canada Caledon Ontario
Canada Guelph Ontario
Canada Uxbridge Ontario
Canada Woolwich Ontario
Canada Erin Ontario
Canada Adjala-Tosorontio Ontario
Canada Niagara-on-the-lake Ontario
Canada Springwater Ontario
Canada Middlesex Centre Ontario
Canada Pelham Ontario
Canada Oro-Medonte Ontario
Canada Burlington Ontario
Canada East Dwillimbury Ontario
Canada Wellesley Ontario
Canada Halton Hills Ontario
Canada Toronto Ontario
Canada Pickering Ontario
Canada Newmarket Ontario
Canada Wilmot Ontario
Canada Mapleton Ontario
Canada Hamilton Ontario
Canada Milton Ontario
Canada Mississauga Ontario
Canada Thames Centre Ontario
Canada Scugog Ontario
Canada Brant Ontario
Canada Tiny Ontario
Canada Waterloo Ontario
Canada Collingwood Ontario
Canada Smith-Ennismore-Lakefield Ontario
Canada Westmount Quebec Montreal Canada Mont-Royal Quebec Montreal Canada Beaconsfield Quebec
Canada Kirkland Quebec
Canada Cote-Saint-Luc Quebec
Canada Rosemere Quebec
Canada Saint-Lambert Quebec
Canada Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville Quebec
Canada Mont-Saint-Hilaire Quebec
Canada Boucherville Quebec
Canada Saint-Sauveur Quebec
Canada Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures Quebec
Canada Dollard-Des Ormeaux Quebec
Canada Candiac Quebec
Canada Pointe-Claire Quebec
Canada Weyburn SK
Canada Rothesay Canada
STructural TREE pruning expertise
King Garden Designs are experts at successfully overseeing the structural pruning for your developing trees; ensuring they grow into safe and sustainable mature trees; thus beautifying your property, community, campus, commercial property or institution. It is important to perform structural pruning at planting time, removing any defects before tree develops further.
Many shade trees in the forest grow straight, tall trunks as they compete with neighboring trees for sunlight. In the landscape, however, the abundance of sunlight all around the canopy encourages trees to develop multiple, competing trunks or leaders. This type of structure is susceptible to mechanical breakage and can reduce life expectancy. But trees with one dominant leader and small well-spaced branches, like trees in the forest, are less likely to suffer this type of mechanical failure. The dominant leader structure also makes trees better able to retard the spread of decay within the tree.
Structural pruning in the landscape aims to develop the strong tree structure we see in the forest. Structural pruning selectively favors a single, dominant leader by suppressing competing leaders using reduction cuts. Reduction cuts shorten stems back to lateral branches at least one-third the diameter of the cut stems. Because future growth is forced into the unpruned leader and growth on pruned branches is suppressed, the ratio of branch diameter to trunk diameter (referred to as aspect ratio) becomes smaller. The small aspect ratio makes the union strong (See: details of aspect ratio). Structural pruning on shade trees should occur regularly when the tree is less than about 20 inches trunk diameter to establish good form early. It is normally performed every few years to gradually encourage more growth in the selected leader. Proper structural pruning should be performed on most tree species that become large at maturity to promote longevity, decrease future maintenance costs, and reduce conditions in the tree that could place people or property at risk.
There are six main strategies in executing a structural pruning program. These include the following:
- Develop or maintain a dominant leader
- Identify lowest branch in the permanent canopy
- Prevent branches below the permanent canopy from growing upright or too large
- Space main branches along a dominant trunk
- Keep all branches less than one-half the trunk diameter
- Suppress growth on branches with bark inclusions
Prune to maintain a dominant leader (one main trunk) by reducing the length of or removing competing leaders. This typically means shortening the longest branches with a reduction cut. Ideally, reduction cuts should be no larger than 2-3 inches diameter on poor compartmentalizers and 3-5 inches diameter on good compartmentalizers. (See: details of decay from reduction cuts). Larger cuts can cause significant decay Do not allow branches with included bark to grow too large because they could split from the tree. This is accomplished by shortening the branch. Regularly reduce the length of low vigorous branches and limbs that will be in the way later and have to be removed; typically this means shorten all branches originating from the lower 20 feet of the trunk. Strive to prevent all branches on the tree from growing larger than half the trunk diameter. Older trees can be pruned in a similar manner to create or preserve good structure.
We utilize the ANSI A300 (Part 1) Pruning Standards for our pruning and trimming operations.
A300 Pruning standards recognize, but are not limited to, the following pruning objectives:
- Manage risk
- Manage health
Structural Pruning: Improves branch and trunk architecture promotes or subordinates certain leaders, stems, or branches; promote desirable branch spacing; promote or discourages growth in a particular direction (directional pruning). Proper pruning also minimizes future interference with traffic, lines of sight, or infrastructure, or other plants; restores plants following damage; and/or, rejuvenate shrubs.
Provide clearance, such as to: ensure safe and reliable utility services; minimize current interference with traffic, lines of sight, infrastructure, or other plants; raise crown(s) for movement of traffic or light penetration; ensure lines-of-sight or desired views; provide access to sites, buildings, or other structures; and/or, comply with regulations.
- Manage Size or Shape
- Improve Aesthetics
- Manage Production of Fruit, Flowers, or Other Products
- Manage Wildlife Habitat
Advisory Notice - Certain pruning practices are not acceptable and can injure trees:
- Topping: The reduction of a tree's size using heading cuts that shorten limbs or branches back to a predetermined crown limit.
- Lion's Tailing: The removal of an excessive number of inner, lateral branches from parent branches.
- Rooster-Tailing: The over-thinning of palms, usually by removing too many lower, live fronds.
Seven Main Types of Tree Pruning
Structural Pruning - Removal of Excess Growth and Defects
Pruning To Clean - Remove Dead, Damaged or Broken Limbs
Crown Thinning - Reduction In Canopy Density
Crown Raising - Removal of Lower Branches
Crown Reduction - Thinning/Reduction of Upper Canopy
Utility Pruning - To Ensure Safe, Reliable Utility Service
The Reason to Expand Urban Forests: Our Health
Source: American Society of Landscape Architects; https://dirt.asla.org/2017/10/06/the-public-health-case-for-investing-in-urban-trees/
A new research report from the Nature Conservancy argues that for just $8 per person, the U.S. could maintain and then significantly expand the tree canopy of American cities, an incredibly cost-effective investment in public health.
While high-profile urban tree planting campaigns like New York City’s get a lot of attention, most U.S. cities have experienced a decline in their urban forests, with a loss of about 4 million trees each year, or about “1.3 percent of the total tree stock.” The Nature Conservancy builds the case for recommitting to expanding our urban canopies for health reasons, instead of just letting them slowly diminish.
The many benefits of trees are well-documented: they clean and cool the air, combat the urban heat island effect, capture stormwater, mitigate the risk of floods, boost water quality, and, importantly, improve our mental and physical health and well-being.
According to the report, the U.S. Forest Service and University of California, Davis found that “for every $1 spent in Californian cities on tree planting and maintenance, there were $5.82 in benefits.” Another study found that for every $1, benefits ranged from $1.37 to $3.09.
In particular, urban forests can help catch harmful particulate matter in their leaves and reduce “ground-level ozone concentrations by directly absorbing ozone and decreasing ozone formation.” High levels of particulate matter and ozone can trigger asthma and cause other respiratory problems. Planting trees to deal with these issues in New York City alone could result in $60 million in health benefits annually.
Researchers are more closely examining how trees fight air pollution. In Louisville, Kentucky, Green for Good is now testing a “vegetative buffer” at the St. Margaret Mary Elementary School designed to filter the particulate air pollution coming off a nearby heavily-trafficked roadway. Initial results show that “under certain conditions, level of particulate matter were 60 percent lower behind the buffer than in the open side of the front yard. Among the health study participants, immune system function increased and inflammation levels decreased after planting.”
A Harvard Nurses Study found a 12 percent reduction in all-cause mortality for those who lived within 250 meters of a high level of greenness. And an exciting study now underway will look at 4 million Kaiser Permanente members in Northern California with the goal of determining if there is a relationship between healthcare use and the proximity and amount of nearby tree canopy.
Despite all the great research, the news still hasn’t reached the general public or even arborists. This is reflected in the fact that average U.S. municipal spending on urban forestry has fallen by more than 25 percent since 1980, to around $5.83 per urbanite today.
If the 27 largest American cities instead reinvested in their urban forests, “planting in the sites with the greatest health benefits (the top 20 percent of all potentially plantable sites in a city)” the cost would be around $200 million a year. Maintenance funds would also need to increase. The total gap between current realities and this needed reinvestment in our communities’ health is only $8 per person — so in a city of one million residents, $8 million.
Trees just get a tiny share of municipal budgets. But with these arguments backed by numbers, the hope is a relatively cheap investment in trees for public health — which would also result in so many gains in livability and property values — can win greater support.