King Garden Designs,Inc.
914-907-0246 | 203-759-8623
King Garden Designs, Inc. is an International Landscape Design and Expert Care Firm which operates at the intersection of Craft, Science and Art.
King Garden Designs, Inc.
1 North Street
Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, 10706, USA
King Garden Designs, Inc.
500 West Putnam Avenue, Suite 400
Greenwich, Connecticut, 06830, USA
Member American Society of Landscape Architects & ISA Certified Arborist TRAQ
Exclusive Garden Design, Full landscape design services: master planning, expert installation/planting, expert street trees - design - installation - care, expert boxwood pruning, cloud pruning, hedge trimming, topiary, espalier, orchards, fine gardening and expert design consultations. Landscaping services, Landscaping Consultations, ISA Certified Arborist Assessment, ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification, Expert Boxwood Pruning, Fruit Tree and Orchard Pruning and Care, Landscaping Consultations, Landscaping Property Over Site, Landscape Design, Property Care, Landscape Maintenance. Native plants and drought tolerant plants.
Landscape and Garden Design for Westchester County, NY; Putnam County, NY, Dutchess County, NY; Fairfield County, CT; Bergen County, NJ
Best Landscaping Based In Westchester county, Bergen county, NJ; Fairfield county, Dutchess county, Putnam county, Litchfield county, New Haven county, Berkshire county, Hampden county, Hampshire county, Franklin county and beyond including:
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Cos Cob Connecticut Fairfield US Greenwich Connecticut Fairfield US Old Greenwich Connecticut Fairfield US Westport Connecticut Fairfield US New Caanan Connecticut US Ridgefield Connecticut US Fairfield Connecticut US Danbury Connecticut US Darien Connecticut Fairfield US Litchfield Connecticut US Bar Harbor Maine US Lexington Massachusetts Middlesex US Cambridge Massachusetts US Concord Massachusetts US Williamstown Massachusetts Berkshires US Richmond Massachusetts Berkshires US Lenox Massachusetts Berkshires US Lanesborough Massachusetts Berkshires US Great Barrington Massachusetts Berkshires US West Stockbridge Massachusetts Berkshires US Stockbridge Massachusetts Berkshires US Lee Massachusetts Berkshires US Dalton Massachusetts Berkshires US Hinsdale Massachusetts Berkshires US Cambridge Massachusetts US Marblehead Massachusetts US Hingham Massachusetts US Cohasset Massachusetts US Back Bay Massachusetts US Beacon Hill Massachusetts US Waban Massachusetts US Weston Massachusetts US Wellesley Hills Massachusetts US Nantucket Massachusetts US Newton Centre Massachusetts US Chilmark Martha's Vineyard Massachusetts US Seaport District Boston Massachusetts US Wellesley Masschusetts Norfolk US Hanover New Hampshire Grafton US Portsmouth New Hampshire Rockingham US Hampton New Hampshire Rockingham US Londonderry New Hampshire Rockingham US South Hooksett New Hampshire Merrimack US Nashua New Hampshire Hillsborough US Exeter New Hampshire Rockingham US Milford New Hampshire Hillsborough US Lebanon New Hampshire Grafton US Hanover New Hampshire US Portsmouth New Hampshire US Hampton New Hampshire US Londonberry New Hampshire US Durham New Hampshire US South Hooksett New Hampshire US Nashua New Hampshire US Exeter New Hampshire US Milford New Hampshire US Lebanon New Hampshire US Glen Rock New Jersey Bergen US Tenafly New Jersey Bergen US Ridgewood New Jersey Bergen US Summit New Jersey Union US Chatham New Jersey Morris US Woodcliff Lake New Jersey Bergen US Bernardsville New Jersey Somerset US North Caldwell New Jersey Essex US Franklin Lakes New Jersey Bergen US Glen Ridge New Jersey Essex US Upper Montclair New Jersey Essex US Upper Saddle River New Jersey Bergen US Short Hills New Jersey Essex US Rumson New Jersey Monmouth US Tenafly New Jersey Bergen US Hastings on Hudson New York Westchester US 5 Dobbs Ferry New York Westchester US Scarsdale New York Westchester US Bronxville New York Westchester US Greenville New York Westchester US Rye New York Westchester US Larchmont New York Westchester US Pelham Manor New York Westchester US Lawrence New York Nassau US Woodbury New York Nassau US Irvington New York Westchester US East Hills New York Nassau US Briarcliff Manor New York Westchester US Harrison New York Westchester US Garden City New York Nassau US Rye Brook New York Westchester US Warwick New York US Skaneateles New York US Millerton New York US Dresden New York US Chautauqua New York US Staatsburg New York US Clinton Corners New York US Saratoga Springs New York US Rhinebeck New York US Adirondack New York US Lake Placid New York US Bolton Landing New York US Diamond Point New York US Bearsville New York US Willow New York US Huletts Landing New York US Garrison New York US Tuxedo Park New York US Kattskill Bay New York US Silver Bay New York US Ardsley New York Westchester US Amagansett New York US Armonk New York Westchester US Bedford New York Westchester US Sag Harbor New York Suffolk US White Plains New York Westchester US Yorktown Heights New York Westchester US Pleasantville New York Westchester US Mamaroneck New York Westchester US South Salem New York US East Hampton New York US Greenburgh New York Westchester US Hudson New York US Irvington New York Westchester US Katonah New York Westchester US Larchmont New York Westchester US Harrison New York Westchester US Hartsdale New York Westchester US Mohegan Lake New York US Mount Kisco New York US Nyack New York US Pound Ridge New York US Purchase New York Westchester US West Hampton New York US West Hampton Beach New York US Southhampton New York US Southport New York US Somers New York US Hampton Bays New York US Huntington New York US Croton Falls New York US Croton on Hudson New York US New Paltz New York US Chappaqua New York US Cold Spring New York US Glen Clove New York US Piermont New York US Purdys New York US Woodbury New York Nassau US Lawrence New York Nassau US East Hills New York Nassau US Northport New York US Greatneck New York US Fishers Island New York US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Fort Lauderdale Florida Broward US Palm Beach Florida Palm Beach US Key Biscayne Florida Miami-Dade US Pinecrest Florida Miami-Dade US Indian River Shores Florida Indian River US Milton Georgia Fulton US Sandy Springs Georgia Fulton US Dunwoody Georgia DeKalb US Johns Creek Georgia Fulton US Alphretta Georgia Fulton US Decatur Georgia DeKalb US Roswell Georgia Fulton US Peachtree City Georgia Fayette US Tyrone Georgia Fayette US Suwanee Georgia Gwinnett US Chevy Chase Maryland Montgomery US Darnestown Maryland Montgomery US Travilah Maryland Montgomery US Bethesda Maryland Montgomery US Stevensville Maryland US Annapolis Maryland US Chase Maryland Montgomery US Potomac Maryland Montgomery US Chapel Hill North Carolina US Raleigh North Carolina US Apex North Carolina US Cary North Carolina US Durham North Carolina US Holly Springs North Carolina US Morrisville North Carolina US Knightdale North Carolina US Garner North Carolina US Clayton North Carolina US Mount Pleasant South Carolina Charleston US Greenville South Carolina Greenville US Charleston South Carolina Charleston US Summerville South Carolina Dorchester US Goose Creek South Carolina Berkeley US Hanahan South Carolina Berkeley US Mauldin South Carolina Greenville US Simpsonville South Carolina Greenville US Hilton Head Island South Carolina Beaufort US Bluffton South Carolina Beaufort US Alexandria Virginia Fairfax US McLean Virginia Fairfax US Great Falls Virginia Farifax US Wolf Trap Virginia Fairfax US South Run Virginia Fairfax US Fort Hunt Virginia Fairfax US Floris Virginia Fairfax US Keswick Virginia Albemarle US Earlysville Virginia Albemarle US Crozet Virginia Albemarle US Charlottesville Virginia Albemarle US North Garden Virginia Albemarle US Troy Virginia Albemarle US Scottsville Virginia Albemarle US Esmont Virginia Albemarle US Reston Virginia US Vienna Virginia US Fairfax Virginia US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Wilmette Illinois Cook US Western Springs Illinois Cook US Winnetka Illinois Cook US Glencoe Illinois Cook US Oak Brook Illinois Cook US Hawthorn Woods Illinois Lake US Lake Bluff Illinois Lake US Lake Forest Illinois Lake US Inverness Illinois Cook US Hinsdale Illinois Cook US Long Grove Illinois Lake US Kenilworth Illinois US Naperville Illinois US Leawood Kansas Johnson US Orono Minnesota Hennepin US Town and Country Missouri St. Louis US Laude Missouri St. Louis US Pepper Lake Ohio Cuyahoga US Indian Hill Ohio Hamilton US New Albany Ohio Franklin US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Pasadena California Los Angeles US Thousand Oaks California Ventura US Santa Rosa California Sonoma US Glendale California Los Angeles US Sunnyvale California Santa Clara US Fullerton California Orange US Saratoga California US Newport Beach California US Cupertino California US Redwood City California US Arcadia California US Carmel California US Los Altos California Santa Clara US Palos Verdes Estates California Los Angeles US Riverside California Fairfield US Orinda California Contra Costa US Malibu California Los Angeles US Alamo California contra Costa US Tiburon California Marin US Atherton California San Mateo US Hillsborough California San Mateo US Los Altos Hills California Santa Clara US Piedmont California Alameda US Kentfield California Marin US Montecito California Santa Barbara US La Canada Flintridge California Los Angeles US Saratoga California Santa Clara US Manhattan Beach California Los Angeles US Blackhawk California Contra Costa US San Marino California Los Angeles US Coto de Caza California Orange US Beverly Hills California los Angeles US Menlo Park California San Mateo US Palo Alto California Santa Clara US San Francisco California US Sunnyvale California US Los Gatos California US Danville California US San Rafael California US Pasadena California US Calabasas California US San Jose California US Walnut Creek California US Mill Valley California Marin US Greenwood Village Colorado Arapahoe US Cherry Hills Village Colorado Arapahoe US Eugene Oregon Lane US Portland Oregon Multnomah US Bellevue Washington US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Paradise Valley Arizona Maricopa US Colleyville Texas Tarrant US Highland Park Texas Dallas US West University Place Texas Harris US University Park Texas Dallas US Southlake Texas Denton US Bellaire Texas Harris US River Oaks Texas US
Town State County Country # of clients # of calls/yr NOTES Honolulu Hawaii US
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prune Fruit trees
Professional Orchard Care
Fruit trees in your garden add beauty and bounty. King Garden Designs' ISA Certified Arborists know when and how to prune your fruiting trees, shrubs and vines: Crab Apple, Apple, Pear, Cherry, Peach, Apricot, Plum, Grapes, Currants, Blueberries, Raspberries, including espalier for optimal fruit production, visual appeal and plant health. We also assist in residential orchard oversight; guiding trees' health, appearance and productivity. We utilize our hand-picked suppliers sourcing specialty fruit tree/espalier, heirloom and many rare varieties for your garden.
As arborist consultants we can restore neglected orchards miraculously with renovation pruning, care and attention.
Pruning Consultation and Assessment: Beginning at $250
Plus travel expenses beyond our 20 mile radius
(Suggested 1 Hour Meeting)
We provide an ISA Certified Arborist property plant health and safety assessment.
Fruit Tree Pruning Guidelines - By Variety
Apples bear on long-lived spurs. The fruit forms at the tip of last year’s spur growth, and the spur itself then grows a bit more, off to the side of the fruit. Each spur bears for 10 years or more so don’t tear it off when you pick. Any pruning method will be suitable for standard full-size apple trees (over 20 feet tall) , but vase pruning is the method of choice to train standard apple trees. It will keep these naturally tall trees within bounds. After you have chosen your scaffold branches, cut them back one-third to encourage a strong branch system near the trunk.
In the second and third dormant season, reduce the length of all new growth by one-third and thin out to create a strong, evenly spaced framework of branches. These secondary scaffold branches will develop fruit spurs on their lateral branches. Pruning during this period would always be to a bud on the top of a branch that points outward. This will develop the vase shape.
With semi-dwarf and dwarf apple trees, modified central-leader or vase pruning can be used, but the central-leader system makes these trees stronger and earlier bearing. When planting the bare-root dwarf, cut back all branches, including the top about one-quarter, or about 5 to 10 inches. Make each cut to a strong outside bud.
For the second and third years, repeat the process to train the central leader up and the scaffold branches out, parallel to the ground. Most dwarfs will begin to bear the second and third years and will bear heavily thereafter. It is important to maintain the single upright central leader throughout the life of the dwarf tree. Be sure to remove any fruit that forms on this central leader because fruit formation will stunt the leader and another branch may become dominant.
Appear on the previous season’s shoots and on short-lived spurs on older wood. Pruning is essential to apricot production for several reasons: It stimulates a certain amount of new growth for next year’s crop; it keeps the tree open; and it prevents fruit from growing only high in the tree.
Apricot spurs produce fruit for two to four years and then need to be pruned out and replaced with younger wood. In pruning apricots, you need to head back long new whips by one-half and remove the oldest fruiting wood. Fruit may form in the second year, but don’t expect a heavy crop until the third or fourth year.
Bear on long-lived fruit spurs. Spurs on tree cherries begin to bear along 2-year-old branches and can produce for 10 years and more. Count on the first crops in the third or fourth years after planting. Bush cherries may bear sooner.
Sour cherry trees tend to spread wider and are considerably smaller than sweet cherries. The sour cherry can be pruned in a central-leader shape or, if you prefer to keep the tree smaller, to a vase shape. It’s easy to keep a sour cherry tree under 12 feet with either pruning system. Cherries need no thinning and little pruning after the first two season of growth. Sweet cherries may need heading back the first years to encourage branching. Sweet cherries should be pruned to the central-leader system. Make sure that the leader or upper scaffold branches are not crowded and choked by lower scaffold branches growing upward. After the tree begins to bear, prune out weak branches and those that develop at odd angles or cross other branches. Head back the leader and upright side branches to no more than 12 to 15 feet so the mature tree can be kept at about 20 feet.
Crab Apples fruit on long-lived spurs, generally producing clusters of several fruits on each spur. Because crops are usually heavy, you can cut back new wood without losing anything. Prune young trees to a vase shape with three or four scaffolds. After the second year, you can leave these scaffolds alone or cut them back to maintain size.
Peaches fruit on year-old wood, but once a peach is harvested, the section of branch on which it grew will never fruit again. Encourage new growth for replacement branches by pruning heavily every winter. Peach trees produce the greatest number of flower buds on healthy branches that grew the year before. Keep the branches that are the diameter of a pencil or greater and thin the smaller diameter twigs. You can head back the strong new branches by one-third to one-half if you want to keep the tree small.
Most newly planted young peach trees are pruned to the vase shape. They should be pruned moderately. Your ultimate goal is a wide tree with an open top 12 or 13 feet high. As it grows, cut branches that are growing upward back to laterals that are growing outward. This creates a much wider branching habit.
When the tree is maturing (about 6 to 8 feet tall in the west and Midwest and 10 to 12 feet tall in the east and south), start severely cutting back the new growth on the top of the tree, being sure to maintain the open center that will admit light to the lower inside branches. In general, pruning should be lighter on young bearing trees than on older ones.
Pears bear on long-lived spurs, much as apples do. These spurs last a long time if you’re careful not to damage them when picking fruit. Prune the young pear tree to the central-leader system by selecting five or six scaffold branches over a two-year period.
Since it’s characteristic of pears to grow upright, don’t make too many heading-back cuts, for they will promote too many upright shoots. Also, use wood or wire spreaders to train the tree branches to grow at wider crotch angles.
If you want a small pear tree, buy a dwarf; don’t try to make a standard tree smaller by heavy pruning. The pear is very susceptible to a bacterial disease called fireblight, especially in the soft succulent growth that results from heavy pruning, so be careful about heading back or thinning shoots on mature trees. Once fireblight takes hold, little can be done except to remove infected growth. It is important not to over fertilize pear trees because heavy fertilization will stimulate an abundance of new vigorous growth that is more susceptible to fireblight infection. A pear is as trainable as an apple, and a trained tree can last 75 years. Options to consider are to plant pears as espaliers, train them to 45-degree angles for an informal hedge, or plant them in tubs as a single cordon or on a trellis.
Plums fruit on spurs on older branches with the heaviest production on wood that is two to four years old. The two main plum varieties are European and Japanese. European plums need only occasional thinning and heading once the tree shape has been formed. Japanese plums overgrow and overbear. They are particularly prone to branch splitting when mature and bearing heavy crops.
Cut back the long whips and thin fruit when it reaches thumbnail size, leaving about 4 to 6 inches between remaining fruits. Remove one-third of the new wood on Japanese plums each year by thinning and heading back. This heavy pruning is necessary to produce larger fruit. Keep long, thin branches headed to give the tree a stubby, wide shape. When the fruit spurs on a branch have borne for five to six years, select a new branch from lateral shoots on this branch. The next year, remove most of the old branch, cutting it off just above the selected lateral.
Quince fruits on new wood and become the large, heavy fruits are borne singly at branch ends, it is wise to head back any overlong branches to prevent limbs from breaking or sprawling under the weight of the crop. To grow as a small tree, prune to a vase shape. Otherwise let multiple stems grow from ground level and select the strongest, best-placed ones for framework. Roots are shallow and will sucker if damaged by soil cultivation. Little pruning is needed in subsequent years, other than making cuts to maintain a good shape.
Walnuts like pecans bear on new wood and need minimal annual pruning after the initial shape is established. Some heavy bearing varieties require pruning to thin them out. Walnuts are usually trained to a modified central-leader with five or six main lateral branches.
Source: McShane’s Nursery & Landscape Supply, http://www.mcshanesnursery.com/
Remove New Growth As Needed, Leaving Fruit Bearing Spur