King Garden Designs,Inc. can be reached at 914-907-0246 and Connect@KingGardenDesigns.com
King Garden Designs, Inc. is a boutique landscape design company located in New York. Charles King Sadler, King Garden Designs founder, enjoys creating and enhancing the beauty and vitality of landscapes through thoughtful design, professional implementation and ongoing care.
Member American Society of Landscape Architects & ISA Certified Arborist TRAQ
How To Best Water Your Landscape, Garden, Property and Lawn
King Garden Designs offers exclusive garden design services for residential and estate commissions - in the greater Hudson valley region. In addition to Native plantings and drought tolerant plantings.
We personally meet to discuss your goals, timing and budget during your landscape consultation.
Master Plan, Garden Design, Garden Care, Expert Pruning, ISA Certified Arborist Assessment, ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification
Building A New Home
Full Landscape Design and Installation Services
Landscaping Services, Expert Pruning, Cloud Pruning, Winter Pruning, Landscaping Consultations, Landscaping Property Over Site, Landscape Design, Property Care, Landscape Maintenance.
ISA Certified Arborist Tree Work, Pruning, Hedge Trimming and Consultations
Landscape and Garden Design for Westchester County, NY; Fairfield County, CT
Serving Westchester county, Bergen county, NJ; Fairfield county, Dutchess county, Putnam county, Litchfield county, New Haven county, Berkshire county, Hampden county, Hampshire county, Franklin county and beyond including:
Amagansett, Ardsley, Ardsley Park, Armonk, Atlanta, Barney Park, Bar Harbor, Bedford, Bedminster Township, Bellaire TX, Block Island, Briarcliff Manor, Bridgehampton, Bronxville, Charleston, Chappaqua, Cold Spring, Cornwall, Cornwall-on-Hudson, Croton Falls, Croton-on-Hudson, Danbury, East Hampton, East Northport, East Quogue, Fairfield, Fishers Island, Garrison, Glen Cove, Great Barrington, Galleria TX, Greatneck, Greenburgh, Greenwich, Harrison, Hampton Bays, Hartsdale, Heights TX, Hudson, Huntington, Irvington, Katonah, Kent, Larchmont, Locust Valley, Litchfield, Matthiessen Park, Martha's Vineyard Island, Mamaroneck, Montauk, Millbrook, Mohegan Lake, Mount Desert, Mount Desert Island, Mount Kisco, Nantucket Island, Nanuet, New Canaan, New City, New Paltz, Newburgh, North Salem, North White Plains, Northport, Norwalk, Nyack, Oakland, Old Greenwich, Oyster Bay, Piermont, Pittsford, Philipse Manor, Pleasantville, Port Washington, Pound Ridge, Purchase, Purdys, River Oaks TX, Quiogue, Ouogue, Ramsey, Red Hook, Redding, Rhinebeck, Ridgefield, Ridgewood, Riverhead, Rowayton, Rye, Rye Brook, Sag Harbor, Savannah, Scarsdale, Sharon, Shelter Island, Shinnecock Hills, Smithtown, Somers, South Salem, Southampton, Water Mill, West Harrison, West University TX, Westhampton, Westhampton Beach, White Plains, Wilton, Wyckoff, Yorktown Heights
Atherton, California (San Mateo); Cherry Hills Village, Colorado (Arapahoe); Scarsdale, New York (Westchester); Hillsborough, California (San Mateo); Short Hills, New Jersey (Essex); Old Greenwich, Connecticut (Fairfield); Los Altos Hills, California (Santa Clara); Bronxville, New York (Westchester); Darien, Connecticut (Fairfield); Winnetka, Illinois (Cook); Great Falls, Virginia (Fairfax); Glencoe, Illinois (Cook); Indian Hill, Ohio (Hamilton); Highland Park, Texas (Dallas); Piedmont, California (Alameda); West University Place, Texas (Harris); Greenville, New York (Westchester); Kentfield, California (Marin); Upper Saddle River, New Jersey (Bergen); Ladue, Missouri (St. Louis); Indian River Shores, Florida (Indian River); Westport, Connecticut (Fairfield); McLean, Virginia (Fairfax); Travilah, Maryland (Montgomery); Montecito, California (Santa Barbara); New Albany, Ohio (Franklin); University Park, Texas (Dallas); Paradise Valley, Arizona (Maricopa); Rye, New York (Westchester); Larchmont, New York (Westchester); Lake Forest, Illinois (Lake); Town and Country, Missouri (St. Louis); Inverness, Illinois (Cook); North Caldwell, New Jersey (Essex); Palm Beach, Florida (Palm Beach); Wolf Trap, Virginia (Fairfax); Los Altos, California (Santa Clara); Palos Verdes Estates, California (Los Angeles); Hinsdale, Illinois (Cook); Wellesley, Massachusetts (Norfolk); Franklin Lakes, New Jersey (Bergen); Southlake, Texas (Denton); Rumson, New Jersey (Monmouth); Potomac, Maryland (Montgomery); Riverside, California (Fairfield); Orinda, California (Contra Costa); Bellaire, Texas (Harris); Malibu, California (Los Angeles); Upper Montclair, New Jersey (Essex); Lawrence, New York (Nassau); Woodbury, New York (Nassau); Alamo, California (Contra Costa); Tiburon, California (Marin); Irvington, New York (Westchester); Long Grove, Illinois (Lake); Glen Ridge, New Jersey (Essex); Mill Valley, California (Marin); East Hills, New York (Nassau); Pepper Lake, Ohio (Cuyahoga); Chevy Chase, Maryland (Montgomery); Tenafly, New Jersey (Bergen); Darnestown, Maryland (Montgomery); Oak Brook, Illinois (Cook); La Cañada Flintridge, California (Los Angeles); Briarcliff Manor, New York (West Chester); Saratoga, California (Santa Clara); Ridgewood, New Jersey (Bergen); Leawood, Kansas (Johnson); Key Biscayne, Florida (Miami-Dade); Summit, New Jersey (Union); Manhattan Beach, California (Los Angeles); Chatham, New Jersey (Morris); Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey (Bergen); Blackhawk, California (Contra Costa); Bethesda, Maryland (Montgomery); Pelham, New York (Westchester); Colleyville, Texas (Tarrant); San Marino, California (Los Angeles); Bernardsville, New Jersey (Somerset); Coto de Caza, California (Orange); Hawthorn Woods, Illinois (Lake); Orono, Minnesota (Hennepin); Floris, Virginia (Fairfax); Pinecrest, Florida (Miami-Dade); Greenwich, Connecticut (Fairfiled); Lake Bluff, Illinois (Lake); Greenwood Village, Colorado (Arapahoe); Beverly Hills, California (Los Angeles); Harrison, New York (Westchester); Garden City, New York (Nassau); South Run, Virginia (Fairfax); Glen Rock, New Jersey (Bergen); Lexington, Massachusetts (Middlesex); Rye Brook, New York (Westchester); Wilmette, Illinois (Cook); Menlo Park, California (San Mateo); Palo Alto, California (Santa Clara); Cos Cob, Connecticut (Fairfield); Western Springs, Illinois (Cook); Fort Hunt, Virginia (Fairfax)
King Garden Designs cares about the environment and often helps its clients create an efficient watering plan. Many of us want to reduce our carbon footprint, support our watershed and nearby wildlife as well as conserve energy. We can help you learn how to water efficiently and provide ecological benefits in return.
Rain is the best way to water your garden or landscape. Additional watering may be required for new plantings or during times of limited rainfall. Early morning is the best time to water because the air is cooler and less windy. Water won't evaporate as easily and therefore is soaked into the ground. Watering in the evening can promote fungal growth which can lurk in leaves that are too damp. Finally, make sure to water the root zone of the plant where the water is absorbed.
One way to limit water use is to utilize native plants in your landscape planning. King Garden Designs are experts at successfully designing environments that thrive; increasing health for all, reducing storm water runoff, decreasing need for heating and cooling demands; plus beautifying your home, estate, community, campus, corporate headquarters or institution. We utilize native plantings and drought tolerant plantings which help reduce energy and water consumption.
Established lawns need about one inch of water per week during the growing season. If your lawn receives one inch of rainfall every week in the summer, it will make it through the summer without much moisture stress. If you get less rain, you may make up the difference with sprinklers or an irrigation system. If you get 1/2 inch of rain one week, apply only another 1/2 inch. Use a rain gauge or container (such as a tuna fish/cat food or other container) to measure rainfall and supplemental water from sprinklers.
Lawn grasses are adapted to go dormant in summer in response to a lack of moisture. Research shows that these cool season grasses will survive with as little as 1/10 inch of water over a three-week period. Lawn grasses rebound when rains return.
New and Renovated Lawns
Germinating seeds and young seedlings must have adequate moisture. Seedbeds need to be moist at all times until seeds sprout. Moisten only the surface. After seedlings emerge, gradually reduce watering to promote deep rooting. Once 60 percent of the ground is covered with grass, allow the soil surface to dry and begin to follow the active watering recommendations above. Keep in mind that lawn grasses do not develop full drought tolerance until they are approximately a year old.
Newly Planted Newly planted trees and shrubs need supplemental watering during dry periods of spring, summer and fall for up to three to four years after planting. The type of soil influences how long it takes for plants to become established. Plants establish quickly in well-drained, rich soils with sufficient fertility, but generally take much longer in poor, dry soils.
Newly planted trees and shrubs should receive the equivalent of an inch of water weekly. In year one, unless it is very dry, water newly planted trees and shrubs once every three weeks in spring, once every week or two in summer and once every four weeks in fall. In year two, water once every four weeks in spring, once every three weeks in summer and once every five weeks in fall. In year three, water once every seven weeks in spring, once every five weeks in summer and once every eight weeks in fall.
Mid-August to October is the most critical time to prepare plants to tolerate winter stress. Plants must enter fall and winter with sufficient moisture in their systems.
Established plants do not require much watering. In fact, only one inch per week is recommended to help these plants thrive. If one waters to often, the roots are more shallow which actually contributes to water loss through evaporation. It is important to have deep roots for stronger plants. If a plant is wilting, supplemental water is okay.
Types of Irrigation
- Furrow Irrigation
- Sprinkler Irrigation
- Drip Irrigation
- Soaker Hose
Garden Irrigation Techniques
Choosing the right type of irrigation technique for your garden reduces water waste and ensures that your plants get the water they need. Installing an irrigation system allows you to water your entire garden at once and provides a more controlled method of delivering water than a garden hose or watering can. Four basic methods for irrigating gardens, besides hand watering, each have advantages and disadvantages.
Furrow irrigation uses a series of ditches to spread water through the garden. Furrow irrigation is labor intensive and must be installed when the garden is planted. It works best in a garden planted in rows of raised beds that are 5 to 6 inches high and at least 6 inches wide. Leave 24 to 42 inches of room between each raised bed to create the furrows between the beds. The furrows are connected with a ditch that runs perpendicular to the furrows between the raised beds at one end of the garden. Water is added to the ditch and then flows down the ditch into the furrows between rows of plants.
Sprinkler irrigation is an effective way to water large gardens. Sprinkler irrigation systems typically use less water than furrow irrigation, but they lose significant amounts of water to evaporation. Since sprinkler systems wet all of the soil in your garden, they can promote growth of weeds in areas without mulch. The design of your sprinkler system can have a strong impact on its effectiveness. The best sprinkler systems use several sprinkler heads deployed in a grid to deliver even coverage over the entire garden. Sprinkler irrigation also wets the foliage of your plants and can promote the spread of foliar diseases, if it is used incorrectly. Watering your plants late in the evening or early in the morning helps limit the spread of disease and reduces the amount of water your sprinkler irrigation system loses to evaporation.
Drip irrigation is an efficient method for delivering water directly to the root zone of plants. This irrigation technique uses a water hose that connects to a series of emitters to disperse water directly onto the ground around your plants. Drip irrigation systems can have built-in emitters that deliver water along the length of the hose or use separate emitters that allow you to irrigate individual plants. This method works well in gardens that are laid out in rows. One disadvantage of drip irrigation is that it requires clean water to avoid clogging the emitters. In gardens with mulch, install drip irrigation lines beneath the mulch.
Soaker hoses are lengths of garden hose that are perforated along their entire length. This type of irrigation is easy to install and loses little water to evaporation. Soaker hoses do not distribute water evenly on hillsides unless they run straight up and down the hill. Soaker hoses that are over 25 feet long begin to lose pressure at the end of the hose and cannot distribute water evenly.